Edible Parts of Fruits With Their Scientific Names and Types

Here is the name of edible parts of fruits with their scientific names and fruit type. We have covered the most commonly used fruits we take in our daily life.

Fruit NameScientific nameEdible PartFruit Type
Lady finger/Bhindi/OkaraAbelmoschus esculentusComplete fruitCapsule
Cheeku/SapodillaAchras sapotaEndocarp and MesocarpBerry
Bel/Bael/Wood appleAegle marmelosPulpy endocarp (inner pericarp) and PlacentaAmphisaraca
Cashewnut/KajuAnacardium occidentaleCotyledon and PeduncleNut
Pineapple/Ananas sativusAnanas comosusFleshy axis, bracts, fused perianth, and Pericarp/Outer part of the receptacleSorosis
Custard apple/SitafalAnnona squamosaMesocarp/ and Thalamus/PericarpEtarios of Berries
Groundnut/PeanutArachis hypogeaCotyledon/SeedLomentum
Beetle nut/ Arecanut/SupariAreca catechuendosperm/SeedBerry
Jack Fruit/KathalArtocarpus integrifoliaBracts/Perianth and SeedSorosis
ChilliCapsicum frutescensComplete fruit including pericarp and placentaBerry
Papaya/PapitaCarica papayaEndocarp and MesocarpBerry
CerealsOryza sativa (Rice), Avena sativa (Oat), Zea mays (Maize), Triticum durum (Durum Wheat), Triticum aestivum (Bread Wheat), Hordeum vulgare (Barley)Complete starchy fruit (Endosperm and Embryo)Caryopsis
GramCicer arietinumCotyledon and embryoPod
Orange, Lime, Sweet OrangeCitrus reticulata, Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus SenensisGlandular Juicy hairsHesperidium
CoconutCocos NuciferaEndospermDrupe
Musk Melon/KharbujaCucumis meloSeeds, Endocarp, MesocarpPepos
WaterMelon/TarboojCucumis VulgarisSeeds, Endocarp, MesocarpPepos
Cucumber/KheeraCucumis sativusYoung seeds, Endocarp, MesocarpPepos
Fig/AnjeerFicus caricaFleshy receptacleSyconus
StrawberryFragaria vescaFleshy thalamusEtaerio of achenes
Dhamin/PhalsaGrewia asiaticaMesocarpDrupe
WalnutJuglans regiaBiobed cotyledons of seedDrupe
Bottle gourdLagenaria sicerariaMesocarp and EndocarpPepos
LitchiLitchi chinensisArilNut
TomatoLycopersicon esculentumComplete fruit including pericarp and placentaBerry
ApplePyrus malus and Malus sylvestrisFleshy thalamusPome
MangoMangifera indicaMesocarpDrupe
MulberryMorus alba and Morus nigraComplete fruit including fleshy perianth and axisSorosis
Date/KhajoorPhoenix dactyliferaPericarpBerry
AlmondPrunus amygdalusSeed including cotyledon and embryoDrupe
BananaMusa paradisiacaMesocarp (less developed) and Endocarp (well developed)Berry
GuavaPsidium guajavaComplete fruit including thalamus, pericarp, and placentaBerry
Pomegranate/AnarPunica granatumFleshy-juicy testa of seedBalausta
Pear/SapotaPyrus communisFlashy thalamusPome
BrinjalSolanum melongenaComplete fruit including pericarp and placentaBerry
TamarindTamarindus indicaPericarp (Mesocarp)Lomentum
Water chestnut/SingharaTrapa bispinosaSeedNut
GrapesVitis viniferaComplete fruit including pericarp and placentaBerry
Chinese Dates/Jujube/BerZizyphus mauritiana and Zizyphus jujubeMesocarp and EpicarpDrupe
Cucurbitsdepending on varietyMesocarp and EpicarpA special type of berry
Edible parts of commonly known fruits and vegetables

Edible part of the coconut

Parts of coconut fruit and their names
Parts of coconut fruit and their names

Coconut fruit has three parts:

  • The fleshy green or dry brown epicarp
  • Fibrous mesocarp
  • Stony – hard endocarp

Fruit type – Drupe

Fruit is developed from the monocarpellary superior ovary which is a single-seeded type of fruit.
The seed of coconut is endospermic, which means they have endosperm.
The edible part of the coconut is the endosperm, which is half cellular (white solid part) also called Kernal.
Half of the endosperm remains in a nuclear state also called a free nuclear state and it is a transparent liquid state (called coconut milk).

Thus, in drupe fruit, the fruit wall is the non-edible part while the seed which is endospermic is the edible part.

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